The Stages of Gum Disease

Have you ever talked to your dentist or periodontist about gum disease? If he or she hasn’t mentioned it to you, that’s a fairly good sign. However, if you aren’t in the habit of visiting your dentist regularly, you could have gum disease and not know it. Gum disease is entirely preventable, yet extremely common. If you are past due for a hygiene appointment, or you think you may have gum disease near Middletown , please contact your periodontist. Here’s a look at how gum disease progresses, and what you should look out for.

Gingivitis
In this earliest stage of gum disease, your gums become inflamed. They may be tender, red, or swollen. You might

Gum Disease Near Middletown

notice that your gums bleed

easily, especially right after you brush your teeth. Bad breath is not uncommon. Fortunately, gingivitis is simple enough to reverse—just be extra diligent about brushing twice per day and flossing once per day. Brushing and flossing after each meal isn’t a bad idea, either.

Periodontitis
If diligent oral hygiene fails to reverse gingivitis, or if it is simply allowed to progress, gum disease goes into its second stage— periodontitis. In this stage, pockets begin to form between the teeth and the gums, and damage to the supportive tissue and bones around the teeth begins. You may require extra treatment from your periodontist in addition to specialized and diligent at-home hygiene.

Advanced Periodontitis
When gum disease progresses even further, it becomes advanced periodontitis. This is not a position you’ll want to find yourself in, as the gums’ supportive bone and tissues erode away completely. This process allows the teeth to become loose and shift, and in worst cases, tooth loss will occur. If you do avoid tooth loss, your teeth may still shift out of alignment, which may need to be corrected after aggressive treatments get the gum disease under control. If these treatments fail, however, tooth extraction may be necessary in order to stop the spread of disease to the rest of your body.

American Association of Orthodontists American Association of Pediatric Dentistry ADA Association of Maxiofacial Surgeons NYSSOMS

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