Understanding the Causes of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease, or gum disease, can result in tooth decay and tooth loss if left untreated. If periodontal disease is not caught in its early stages—known as gingivitis and periodontitis—it can elevate your risk of heart attack, stroke, and diabetes. Symptoms of gingivitis and periodontitis include red, swollen gums that are tender and sore, bad breath, and receding gums. If you notice these symptoms, visit a periodontist serving Middletown or Walden as soon as possible.

Hormonal Changes and Illness
Changes in hormones during menopause, pregnancy, puberty, and menstruation can make your gums more sensitive. This can make you more vulnerable to gingivitis and periodontitis. Certain illnesses can also affect

Periodontist Serving Middletown

the health of your gums. Cancer and HIV affect your immune system, which can cause your oral health to deteriorate. In addition, people with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing infections, including gum infections.

Certain Medications
Many medications can affect your oral health. If your doctor prescribes a medication with troubling side effects for your gums, discuss your concerns with a dentist or periodontist to find out if there are steps you can take to maintain your oral health while on the medication. Some medications cause dry mouth, which reduces the saliva in your mouth that helps to protect your gums. Other medications are known to cause excessive growth of gum tissue.

Poor Habits
Certain lifestyle choices, such as excessive drinking and tobacco use, can be very detrimental to your oral health and increase your risk for gum disease. Tobacco and alcohol use can cause dry mouth, and tobacco affects your gum tissue’s ability to heal itself. Poor oral hygiene habits can also lead to gingivitis and periodontitis. If you don’t brush and floss regularly, plaque can build up between your teeth and along your gum line. This plaque harbors harmful bacteria that can cause infections and cavities, as well as gingivitis and periodontitis.

American Association of Orthodontists American Association of Pediatric Dentistry ADA Association of Maxiofacial Surgeons NYSSOMS

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Hampton Family Dentistry
Middletown Dentist
Middletown Location 400 Midway Park Dr
Middletown, NY 10940
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Phone: (845) 344-4336
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Walden, NY 12586
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Phone: (845) 778-1835

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