How Gum Disease Is Treated

There are many factors that contribute to the development of gum disease, and some of them are more difficult to control than others. If you have gum disease, your periodontist in Middletown will seek to treat the condition by containing the infection and preventing it from spreading. This may involve the use of cleaning procedures, surgeries, or medications—or a combination of these treatments. Read on to find out more about exactly how gum disease is treated.

Scaling and Planing
Gum disease often occurs as a result of poor dental hygiene over an extended period of time. This allows plaque to develop into tartar, which works its way under the gums. Scaling and planing are deep cleaning procedures that aim to remove the buildup and help to alleviate the symptoms of gum disease. The scaling procedure involves removing the periodontist in Middletown tartar that has moved under or above the gum line. The other deep cleaning treatment, called root planing, seeks to eliminate bacteria and address rough spots on the root of a tooth. In certain instances, your dentist may remove bacteria, plaque, and tartar using a laser.

Sometimes, gum disease progresses to a point where surgical procedures are recommended for treatment. The two popular gum disease surgeries are called flap surgery and bone and tissue grafts. The former occurs when your dentist lifts back your gums in order to clean out the tartar, which reduces periodontal pockets. Bone and tissue grafts will help you restore bone or gum tissue that may have been lost due to gum disease. During bone and tissue grafts, dentists often make use of guided tissue regeneration as well as growth factors.

Your dentist may follow scaling and root planing treatment with medications, but this is no guarantee that you will not need surgery. These medications come in many different forms, including gels, chips, and mouth rinses. They are mainly used to eliminate bacteria, which will in turn diminish the size of your periodontal pockets.

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