Periodontal disease comes in three stages: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Gingivitis is minor gum inflammation and is reversible with improved dental care. However, both forms of periodontitis are irreversible and can only be managed with the help of a dentist. If you have been diagnosed with periodontal disease, then your dentist will discuss several options with you including deep teeth cleaning in Middletown and Walden, NY. Let’s take a closer look at what to expect after a periodontal disease diagnosis .
Discussion of Options
Once you have been diagnosed with periodontal disease, your dentist will have an in-depth discussion about all of your options. The dentist may recommend that you see a periodontist, who is a dentist with a specialty in periodontal disease. However, many dentists can also perform the necessary treatments for periodontal disease. There are surgical and non-surgical treatments, and the severity of the disease will influence the route your dentist suggests.
Deep Dental Cleanings
If you only have gingivitis, then your dentist may recommend increased cleanings in the dental office. If your periodontal disease has advanced, then the dentist may recommend a deep dental cleaning known as scaling and root planing. After administering a local anesthetic, the dentist will scrape at the plaque located under the gum line to help the gum tissue reattach to the tooth.
Periodontal surgery may involve several corrective steps, such as pocket reduction, bone grafts, and soft tissue grafts. Pocket reductions will remove the bacteria between the teeth and gums and help the gums to fit closer to the teeth. Bone and tissue grafts are done to replace any loss of bone or tissue due to periodontal disease. These grafts might come from your own body, a donor, or a synthetic option.
It is possible that periodontal disease can become so advanced that the teeth must be extracted. If your dentist suggests tooth extraction, then you may consider scheduling a dental implant procedure at the same time. Implants can replace one or more teeth, and they will never develop tooth decay or lead to periodontal disease.